Prior to 2001, road safety was not prioritised in Belgium and its road death toll was amongst the worst in the EU. Until 2002, Belgium had more traffic-related fatalities per million inhabitants than the EU25 average.
Road safety policy is decentralised and distributed between the federal and regional governments of Wallonia, Flanders and Brussels.
Set up in June 2006, the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) initiated a new policy instrument to help EU Member States in improving road safety, the Road Safety Performance Index (PIN). At a PIN talk in December 2008 in Brussels, new targets for Belgium were discussed. These included reductions in deaths to 750 by 2010 and 500 by 2015. With 875 (30 days included) deaths in 2011 there was a slight increase of 4% compared to 2010. New efforts will be necessary.
- Active Member: Touring Club Belgium (since 2003)
- Expert Members: Toyota Motor Europe (since 2003); Belgian Road Research Centre (since 2008)